Allergic rhinitis is a picture of inflammation of the mucosa of the nasal cavity, caused by an overreaction of the immune system to air allergens. These can come into contact with our body through the inhalation of pollen, smoke, chemicals, dust, food ingestion, medications, skin contact with chemicals such as perfumes, creams, and inoculation of the skin through the sting of insects.
The main symptoms are sneezing, runny nose, nasal congestion, watery eyes, itchy eyes, nose and palate, sore throat, snoring, cough, and decreased palate and smell. People with other allergic diseases such as asthma, allergic conjunctivitis, and others are at a higher risk of suffering from this disease.
For allergic rhinitis, it is not always easy to avoid the focus of risk, taking into account that the allergic person is usually allergic to several substances at the same time, so the therapeutic action must often be based on the use of medications. The best known and used under the guidance of the attending physician are second-generation antihistamines and the use of corticosteroids for prolonged treatment.
Instead, over-the-counter nasal drops or decongestant sprays should not be used for more than a few days at a time, because resorting to them continuously for a week or more can produce a rebound effect that can worsen the patient’s situation.
Likewise, the Ministry of Public Health and Social Welfare recommends taking some preventive measures against the disease:
- -Cover your mouth with a handkerchief or the inside of the elbow when coughing or sneezing.
- -Wash your hands frequently with soap and water, mainly after cleaning your nose, before eating food and when entering the house. The use of alcohol gel is an alternative for hand hygiene.
- -Always use disposable tissues.
- -Avoid going to crowded places.
- -In the case of suffering some symptoms, consult a doctor to find out the appropriate treatment that must be carried out.